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Sunday, September 21, 2008

What is Ducted Fan? Is it suitable for me?


Swanghobby Supersite

A ducted fan is a propulsion arrangement whereby a fan, which is a type of propeller, is mounted within a cylindrical shroud or duct. The duct reduces losses in thrust from the tip vortices of the fan, and varying the cross-section of the duct allows the designer to advantageously affect the velocity and pressure of the airflow according to Bernoulli's Principle. Ducted fan propulsion is used in aircraft, airboats and hovercraft.

In aircraft applications, ducted fans normally have more and shorter blades than propellers and thus can operate at higher rotational speeds. The operating speed of an unshrouded propeller is limited since tip speeds approach the sound barrier at lower speeds than an equivalent ducted fan. The most common ducted fan arrangement used in full-sized aircraft is a turbofan engine, where the power to turn the fan is provided by a gas turbine. Turbofan engines are used on nearly all airliners, fighters, and bombers. However, a ducted fan may be powered by any source of shaft power such as a reciprocating engine, Wankel engine, or electric motor. A kind of ducted fan, known as a fantail or by the trademark name Fenestron, is also used to replace tail rotors on helicopters. Ducted fans usually have an odd number of blades to prevent resonance in the duct.
Ducted fans are favoured in VTOL aircraft such as the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, and other low-speed designs such as hovercraft for their higher thrust-to-weight ratio.
Among model aircraft hobbyists, the ducted fan is popular with builders of high-performance radio controlled model aircraft. Internal-combustion glow engines combined with ducted-fan units were the first achievable means of modeling a scaled-size jet aircraft. Despite the introduction of model-scale (miniature jet engine) turbines, ducted fans remain popular today ,if not more, because ducted fan designs are compatible with advanced brushless electric-powered flight systems,with the fastest electric ducted fan powered planes reaching speeds of over 200 miles per hour.
Advantages A General Electric GE90-115B, currently the most powerful turbofan engine in the world.By reducing propeller blade tip losses and directing its thrust towards the back only, the ducted fan is more efficient in producing thrust than a conventional propeller. By sizing the ductwork appropriately, the designer can adjust the air velocity through the fan to allow it to operate more efficiently at higher air speeds than a propeller would. For the same static thrust, a ducted fan has a smaller diameter than a free propeller. Ducted fans are quieter than propellers: they shield the blade noise, and reduce the tip speed and intensity of the tip vortices both of which contribute to noise production. Ducted fans can allow for a limited amount of thrust vectoring, something normal propellers are not well suited for. This allows them to be used instead of tiltrotors in some applications.
DisadvantagesAt low speeds, the presence of the duct may create more drag than extra thrust, and therefore its comparative advantage to an open prop is canceled. Good efficiency requires very small clearances between the blade tips and the duct. Ducts are heavy and expensive.
Swanghobby.com offering several kind of Ducted Fan System
127mm Ducted Fan +1000kv 90A 1200W Brushless Motor
Specifcation of the 127mm Diameter Ducted Fan System Motor Type(Brushless outrunner): D4558-1000 KV Voltage: 37 V Current; 90A Speed: 28000 rpm Pull(g): 4900grams Suggested ESC: 120A

68mm Ducted Fan + 2900kv 65A 355W Brushless Motor Value Combo Specifcation of the 68mm Diameter Ducted Fan System Motor Type(Brushless outrunner): D2836-2900 KV Voltage: 11.1 V Current; 27 A Speed: 26500 rpm Pull(g): 720 grams Suggested ESC: 30A Voltage: 14.8 V Current; 41 A Speed: 33600 rpm

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